Anatomy of a beehive

There is a good chance the majority of us have seen a modern day bee hive. In fact they are quite prevalent along the Central Valley corridor and Wine Country – white boxes all lined up in rows typically along agricultural fields. While very recognizable from the outside, do you really know what they look on the inside? The following is a diagrammatic photo outlining the components of a bee hive.

A. Outer Cover / Top
The cover that goes over the sides of the top box of the hive to protect the inside from weather/water.  Typically made from galvanized metal or, in some cases, copper.

B. Inner Cover
Used to help better regulate the temperature by creating dead space inside the hive.

C. & D. Medium Super
The box where excess honey is stored by the honey bees on the frames inside.  This is where the beekeeper will harvest honey from.

E. & G. Deep / Brood Chamber
The space where the honey bees live.  The queen lays her eggs here, the brood is fed and raised here and pollen, honey and nectar are stored here as food.  Pollen is their protein source, nectar is their carbohydrate source.

F. Queen Excluder
Placed between the top brood chamber and bottom super box to prevent queen from entering super boxes and laying eggs.  Worker bees can slip through the screen mesh but the queen is too large and cannot.

H. Screened Bottom Board
Forms the floor of the hive.  The Bee Ranchers uses screened bottom boards exclusively for better ventilation and better pest control management.

Truth be told, our hives are really no different on the inside than the ones we see in the Central Valley, however, we like to think ours are better looking. Do you agree? Leave us a message and let us know!

Go to Our Hives section of our site for more detailed pics.

4 thoughts on “Anatomy of a beehive

  1. Pingback: The Hive Diary / PART 3 | Bee Rancher BUZZ

  2. Pingback: The Hive Diary / PART 4 | Bee Rancher BUZZ

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